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Preposition of Time (kata depan yang menunjukkan waktu)

Auriga Maulana Khasan | 8:09 AM | 0 comments







Prepositions of time menunjukkan waktu terjadinya sesuatu. Contoh: “I get up at 7.00″ menunjukkan waktu dimana saya bangun.


 


Beberapa preposisi waktu yang paling umum adalah: in, on, at, from, to.


 


In


 


In digunakan untuk waktu pagi (morning), sore (afternoon), dan malam (evening). Contoh:



  • I study Japanese in the afternoon.



  • He gets up early in the morning.




 


In juga digunakan untuk periode-periode waktu yang lain, termasuk bulan (month), musim (season), tahun (years), abad (centuries), dan zaman (ages). Contoh:



  • My birthday is in March.



  • The Portuguese came to Japan in 1542.



  • Flowers grow in spring.




 


On


 


On hampir selalu digunakan untuk beberapa jenis hari. Contoh:



  • My birthday is on March 29th.



  • I go to church on Sunday.



  • We visit my family on New Year’s Day.




 


Bandingkan kedua kalimat berikut:



  • He gets up early in the morning.



  • He gets up early on Monday morning




 


At


 


At digunakan untuk waktu tertentu. Misalnya:



  • – I study Spanish at 2.00.



  • – He gets up at 7.30.



  • – I come home at lunchtime.




 


At juga digunakan untuk waktu malam.


 


Bandingkan kedua kalimat berikut:



  • I sleep in the afternoon



  • I sleep at night




 


From – to


 


From dan to digunakan untuk menunjukkan permulaan dan akhir periode waktu yang telah ditentukan. Contoh:



  • I work from 9.00 to 5.00.



  • Our vacation is from January 5th to February 1st.




 


Contoh penggunaan dalam percakapan





1) What are you doing at the weekend?

On Saturday I’m meeting my friends at 2.00, and in the evening I’m watching a movie. On Sunday I’m not busy, so maybe we can go out together.

That sounds great!





2) I’m so busy these days!

How come?

I get up at 6.30 in the morning, and I finish work at 8.00 in the evening. It’s a really long day.

You’re so busy!

I know. My boss wants our project finished in March, so we’re working really hard.

I think you need a holiday.

Well, in the summer I have three weeks holiday. I can’t wait!





3) Hello, this is doctor Watson’s clinic. How can I help you?

Hello, this is Tyler Saunders. I’d like to make an appointment.

OK, Mr. Saunders. How about on Tuesday at 3.30?

I’m busy all day on Tuesday. Is Friday OK?

Well, the doctor can see you in the morning at 9.30.

9.30 on Friday is fine.

Very good, Mr Saunders. We look forward to seeing you.

Thankyou, good bye.

Goodbye.





Kosa kata baru:




 Evening = malam

 maybe = mungkin

 how come = bagaimana bisa

 finish = selesai

 long = lama

 know = tahu/kenal

 boss = bos

 project = proyek

 March = Maret
 Holiday = hari libur

 summer = musim panas

 weeks = pekan

 wait = tunggu

 clinic = klinik

 appointment = janji

 Tuesday = Selasa

 Friday = Jumat






Coba kerjakan latihan-latihan berikut dengan menggunakan preposisi waktu (tautan-tautan akan membuka jendela baru dan mengarah ke website lain).



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